Did you know that September is Classical Music Month? September is classical music month. Classical music is an interesting type of music that is different from today’s standards. However, it is because of classical music that we ultimately got the music we have today.
Classical Music Time Periods
Medieval (500ish – 1400) The music of this time was connected to the church. Forms of music from the early part of this period would be Gregorian Chants and Organum.
Some Composers From this Period: Hildegard von Bingen, Guillaume de Machaut
Renaissance (1400/1450 – 1600) The Renaissance era brought many new ideas and gave a little bit more freedom from the church, which allowed for more experimentation with music. The printing press, invented in the 1400’s, also allowed for music to be printed. Instrumental music was developed as well.
Some Composers From this Period: William Byrd, Claudio Monteverdi, Josquin Des Prez
Baroque (1600 – 1750) The music of the Baroque was very ornate. This period also had the creation of the concerto, canata, oratorio, and the sonata. There were advancements with instruments as well.
Some Composers From This Period: Johann Sebastian Bach, Georg Frideric Handel, Antonio Vivaldi
Classical (1750/1775 – 1820) Classical era music was more simple/cleaner than Baroque music, and focused more on the melody. Dynamics (the change in volume) were important. The woodwind section of the orchestra was added during this period.
Some Composers From This Period: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig Van Beethoven*, Franz Joseph Hayden
*Beethoven is considered to be a bridge between the Classical and the Romantic periods
Romantic (1820 – 1910) Romantic pieces are know for being very expressive and emotional. The orchestra saw much growth in this period with the expansion of the woodwind and brass section.
Some Composers From This Period: Frédéric Chopin, Franz Liszt, Richard Wagner, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Johannes Brahms