Today I want to talk about the different types of notes and time signatures.
The time signature is a notation used in music to specify how many beats are in each measure and which note is to be given one beat.
This is the time signature for four-four time. The top number tells us that there are four beats in each measure. The bottom number tells us which note is going to receive one count. The 4 on the bottom represents the quarter note.
Four-four time is heard in most music. You can really feel the four beats in a measure in marching music.
You count each measure like this: 1-2-3-4 1-2-3-4
This is the time signature for three-four time. The top number tells us that there are three beats in each measure. The bottom number tells us which note is going to receive one count. The 4 on the bottom represents the quarter note.
This is the time signature for waltzes.
You count each measure like this: 1-2-3 1-2-3
This is a quarter note. It has a black head and a stem.
Quarter note = 1 count.
This is a half note. it has a white head and a stem.
Half-note = 2 counts.
This is a dotted-half note.
Dotted-half note = 3 counts. The half-note receives 2 counts and the dot represents a quarter note which receives 1 count. 2+1 = 3.
This is the whole note. It has a white head and no stem.
Whole note = 4 counts.
Have you noticed anything about the notes and their values? They are like working with measuring cups and money!
4 quarter notes = 1 whole note.
2 quarter notes = 1 half note.
3 quarter notes = 1 dotted-half note.
2 half notes = 1 whole note.