Let’s Learn About Music: Part 2

Today I want to talk about the different types of notes and time signatures.

Time Signatures

The time signature is a notation used in music to specify how many beats  are in each measure and which note is to be given one beat.

four-four

This is the time signature for four-four time. The top number tells us that there are four beats in each measure. The bottom number tells us which note is going to receive one count. The 4 on the bottom represents the quarter note.

Four-four time is heard in most music. You can really feel the four beats in a measure in marching music.

You count each measure like this: 1-2-3-4 1-2-3-4

three-four

 

This is the time signature for three-four time. The top number tells us that there are three beats in each measure. The bottom number tells us which note is going to receive one count. The 4 on the bottom represents the quarter note.

This is the time signature for waltzes.

You count each measure like this: 1-2-3 1-2-3

The Notes

quarter

 

 

This is a quarter note. It has a black head and a stem.

Quarter note = 1 count.

 

 

half

 

 

This is a half note. it has a white head and a stem.

Half-note = 2 counts.

 

 

dot_half

 

This is a dotted-half note.

Dotted-half note = 3 counts. The half-note receives 2 counts and the dot represents a quarter note which receives 1 count. 2+1 = 3.

 

 

whole

 

This is the whole note. It has a white head and no stem.

Whole note = 4 counts.

 

 

Have you noticed anything about the notes and their values? They are like working with measuring cups and money!

4 quarter notes = 1 whole note.

2 quarter notes = 1 half note.

3 quarter notes = 1 dotted-half note.

2 half notes = 1 whole note.

 

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